What is PTI and Pretrial Intervention Program?
The Pretrial Intervention Program, (PTI) generally allows first time criminal defendants, hwo have no prior criminal history, with certain opportunities for alternatives to the traditional criminal justice process of ordinary prosecution.
The goal of PTI or Pre-Trial Intervention is to render early rehabilitative services, when such services can reasonably be expected to deter the future criminal behavior of the Defendant. The PTI program is based on a rehabilitative model that recognizes that there may be an apparent causal connection between the offense charged and the rehabilitative needs of a defendant. Further, the rehabilitative model emphasizes that social, cultural, and economic conditions often result in a defendant’s decision to commit crime.
Simply stated, PTI strives to solve personal problems which tend to result from the conditions that appear to cause crime, and ultimately, to deter future criminal or disorderly behavior by a defendant.
What Are The Benefits of the Pretrial Intervention Program (PTI)?
If PTI is successfully completed, there is no record of conviction and the defendant avoids the stigma of a criminal record.
Early intervention allows rehabilitative services to be provided soon after the alleged offense, in an attempt to correct the behavior that led to the offense.
Many of the costs associated with the formal court process are eliminated through acceptance into PTI.
PTI provides early resolution of a case which serves the interests of the victim, the public and the defendant.
PTI reduces the burden on the court and allows resources to be devoted to more serious criminals.
What are the Conditions for Participation In Pretrial Intervention?
Supervision under the PTI program may average from one to three years. Certain standard conditions are imposed on those accepted into PTI, such as, random urine monitoring, and assessments for fees, penalties and fines. Additional conditions may also be imposed to require the performance of community service, payment of restitution, and submission to psychological and/or drug and alcohol evaluations with compliance to recommended treatment programs.
If a defendant successfully completes all the conditions of PTI, then the original charges are dismissed and there is no record of conviction.
If a defendant does not successfully complete the conditions of PTI, then the defendant is terminated from the PTI program and the case is returned to the trial list.
Who is Eligible for Pretrial Intervention (PTI)?
Any defendant who is charged with an indictable offense may apply.
*Admission guidelines stated in the Court Rules set the following criteria:
Age – PTI is designed for adults.
Residence – PTI is designed for New Jersey residents, but others may apply.
Jurisdiction – Only defendants charged with criminal or penal offenses in New Jersey criminal or municipal courts.
Minor Violations – Not eligible if the likely result would be a suspended sentence without probation or a fine.
Prior Record of Convictions – PTI generally excludes defendants who have been previously convicted.
Parolees and Probationers – Generally excluded without prosecutor’s consent and considered only after consultation with parole and probation departments.
Defendants Previously Diverted – excludes defendants who have previously been granted a diversionary program or conditional discharge.
*The Administrative Office of the Courts, Criminal Practice Division, maintains the State Pretrial Intervention Registry for determining applications, enrollments and the degree of program completion and dismissal of charges, termination of program or rejection of application.
How Does One Apply for Pretrial Intervention?
Applications to PTI should be made as early as possible upon the commencement of proceedings to the Criminal Division Office in the county where the criminal charge is filed, but not later than seven days after the defendant’s original plea to the indictment.
The application process includes an interview with the defendant by a staff member of the Criminal Division of the Superior Court. A written report is prepared detailing the decision for admittance or rejection into the PTI program. This report is forwarded to the prosecutor and defense counsel. A defendant is accepted into PTI on the recommendation of the Criminal Division, with the consent of the prosecutor and the defendant.
If accepted, the conditions for participation are set forth in the PTI Order and must be followed for the defendant to successfully complete.
If for any reason the defendant is not accepted, the applicant may appeal the decision to the Presiding Judge of the Criminal Division.